WINGERD - WENGER - WINGARD
The information published here is a collection from various websites.
Some of this information is based upon research in progress and
and has not necessarily been proven or finalized.
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WINGERD - WENGER - WINGARD
There are several stories as to why the name changed to Wingard. John adopted the spelling Wingerd because a deed had been written with that spelling and it was simpler to use the new spelling than to change the deed, but, neighbors, friends and perhaps other family members persisted in using the spelling Wingard and the family finally adopted that spelling, although John's stone has the spelling Wingerd. Another story states that in 1859 all male members of the family over 21 years of age met at the old homestead near Delphi and agreed to change the spelling. Another story is that during the Civil War due to the family involvement in the underground railway and being pro north it was deemed advisable to assume a German name as the German's in the area were thought to be true to the south. His son Jacob stated "It was done for a very good and sufficient reason and it is nobody's business", although he was too young to have been in on the decision.
Isaac Wenger House & Site of Mill: The home was built about 1848 by Isaac Coffman, a Mennonite, and purchased by Isaac Wenger. The farmhouse is a fine example of pre-Civil War rural architecture. It has 12 rooms and six chimneys. Wenger owned the mill immediately across what is now Route 42. It was burned in 1864 by Union troops and rebuilt after the war. It continued in use into the 1930s. The mill was razed in 1991 to make way for the expansion of the present highway. Isaac Wenger, a Mennonite, was active in the Unionist Underground Railroad. He kept and hid refugees and conscripts and helped them to connect with pilots who led them at night over the mountains to the South Branch Valley where they could find their way to Keyser and the B & O Railroad. His loyalty was recognized by General Sheridan who gave him protection papers. He did not vote for secession, but in order to avoid military service which was contrary to Mennonite practice, he had to hire a substitute and pay a fine to the Confederacy. Consequently, his claim was rejected by the Southern Claims Commission.
1) Stephan WENGER
Birth: 1728 in Switzerland
Spouse: Anna Meshe b: 1726 d: 1787 Father:Benjamin Meshe (sister of Christian's wife Elizabeth)
Stephan Meshe Wenger
2) Christian WENGER
Birth: 1730 in Switzerland
Married: Elizabeth Meshe b: 1730 (sister of Stephen's wife Anna)
Children: Maria Wenger b: 1760 married Heinrich Huber b: AUG 1757 Child: Nancy 12-7-1804
3) Judith WENGER
Birth: January 19, 1732 in Bern, Switzerland
Death: March 4, 1812 in Lebanon Co., PA
Burial: Ebenezer Greenwood Cemetery, Lebanon Co., PA
Martin Funck born Jan 30, 1732 in Richen-Baden, Hisbach, Germany
1750 Ship 'Brotherhood'
Children: Barbara Funk b: 09 JUL 1760 in Lebanon Twp., Lebanon, Pennsylvania (USA)
Magdalena Wenger Funk b: 03 JUL 1761 in Lebanon Twp., Lebanon, Pennsylvania
Christina Funk b: 15 DEC 1768
Martin Wenger Funck was born 29 Nov 1766
4) Hans "John" WENGER
Birth: November 9, 1732 in Switzerland
Death: 1806 in Jonestown, Lebanon County, PA
Married: #1 Maria b: 1735
Christian WENGER b: Dec 23 1756 d: 1841 m: Maria WEAVER b: 1759 c: Martin 1860
Married: #2 ANNA HUBER
1. Abraham WENGER / WINGERT
2. Barbara WENGER b: 1768
4. Elizabeth WENGER
5. Susanna WENGER b: 1773 married Henry Kumpler b: 9 Jan 1801 in Myerstown, Pa.
6. Anna WENGER b: 1776
7. Jacob WENGER
5) Maria WENGER
Birth: 1735 in Switzerland
6) Henry WENGER
Birth: February 2, 1742
Death: September 28, 1815
Married: Anna "Annali" Gingrich on June 25, 1764 in Lebanon (then Lancaster) County, Pennsylvania
8) Abraham WENGER
Birth: 1748 in Switzerland
Death: September 1808
Burial: Bethel Twp. Lebanon Co. PA
Married: Anna GROH b: ABT 1740 daughter of John Groh
Abraham b: 1768 John b: 1765 Isaac b: 1771 Jacob b: 1772
Johannes and his family immigrated to
Pennsylvania in 1748 Capt. John Brown. Qualified Sept. 16, 1748. Johannes Wanger, 43 Johannes Wenger, 16 Stephan (X) Wenger Christian (X) Wenger Hans Wenger, Jr.'s mother and brothers, Michael and Christian arrived in Philadelphia, 9 September 1749,
on board the ship "St. Andrew" and settled in Rapho Township, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania.
Johannes arrived at the age of 43 in Philadelphia on Sept. 16, 1748 via the Ship Patience (some claim ship was "Paliena")
Patience, September 16, 1748 :
Hans (X) Wenger
Hans Winger Jr. from the Wenger Alps of Switzerland, arriving in Philadelphia on September 16, 1748 on the ship Patience.
Maria Funck's mother, Judith Wenger, was born the 19th of January 1732 near Zweibrucken in the Rhineland Palatinate, Germany. Her father was Hans Wenger, Jr. son of Hans Wenger, Sr. a Mennonite weaver of Canton Berne, Switzerland. Hans Wenger, Sr. died before the family emigrated to Pennsylvania. Because of persecution in Switzerland, Hans Wenger, Jr. moved to a village near Zweibrucken when he was a young man. He arrived in America on the ship "Patience" the sixteenth of September 1748. He brought with him his family of five sons and two daughters: Stephen, Christian, Hans (John), Abraham, Martin, Judith and Maria. They settled near Jonestown, Lebanon County, Pa., where he and many members of his family are buried adjoining an abandoned church.
Johannes and his family immigrated to
Pennsylvania in 1748
Capt. John Brown. Qualified Sept. 16, 1748.
Johannes Wanger, 43
Johannes Wenger, 16
Stephan (X) Wenger
Christian (X) Wenger
Hans Wenger, Jr.'s mother and brothers, Michael and Christian arrived in Philadelphia, 9 September 1749, on board the ship "St. Andrew" and settled in Rapho Township, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania.
Born in the Bernese area (most likely the
Emmenthal region) of Switzerland. Several authors give that he was born at Bern which can be the Canton of
Bern. It has been widely held that Hans married Anna Shirk, 1705~ 1771,, (i1748.9.16) the dau. of Casper (Sherrick\Schirch)
Shirk, 1710~ 1770, SH, Rev. (i1731.12\1732.5.15) who later sold Hans his original property. This has not
been verified and the approximate dates for Anna and Casper would indicate otherwise. A note in the papers
of NWN state that the fact that he married Anna Shirk is recorded in Casper's Bible and that the marriage
took place in Europe. It is not clear who Casper is. It is here assumed that Casper is Anna's brother or
cousin and not her father. This would mean that Hans bought land from his brother-in-law or cousin and not
his father-in-law. The marriage was about 1727. Left Switzerland due to religious persecution and settled in
about 1744 in Zweibrčucken of the Lower Palatinate on the Rhine. Mennonite. Some have reported that all of
his children were born in the Palatinate, but this requires that he would have arrived at an earlier date.
The 1744 date would mean that all of his children were born in Switzerland. Arrived at the age of 43 in
Philadelphia on Sept. 16,1748 via the Ship Patience, John Brown, Master from Rotterdam, last from Cowes. The
numbering of Hans's children as given in TWB is not correct. He traveled with his children Stephen G11 (age
20), Christian G12 (age 18), Judith (age 16), John (Hans) G14 (age 16), Maria G15 (age 13), Henry G16 (age
11), Abraham G17 (age 8) and Martin G18 (age 6). The family settled in Bethel Twp. (now Swatara Twp.,
originally Lancaster Co. now Lebanon Co.) one half mile northeast of present Jonestown, Lebanon Co., PA. The
farm that he settled on in 1749 is stated as being 125 (170, see below) acres and was purchased for $125.00
from Casper Shirrock (Shirk, Sherk, Sherrick), 1710~ 1770, H, (i1732.5.15) who bought the land in 1740 from
John Penn, Thomas Penn and Richard Penn, sons of William Penn. Warrent #250 (Bureau of Land
Records-Harrisburg, PA) (Oct. 5, 1738 to Casper Sherk for 200 acres on Swatara Creek in Bethel Twp.,
Lancaster (now Lebanon) Co. Surveyed March 31, 1740 for 170 acres. Patented (Pat. A120-279-29) to Casper
Sherk on Nov. 29, 1745. Signed by Thomas Penn, son of William Penn.) (Nov. 1, 1749 Deed P-94-Lancaster Co.,
Casper and Magdalena Sherick sell land of 170 acres to John Wenger. DLW There is also a patent number
A-77-189 associated with this property. NWN gives that the first survey used a White Oak tree at the south
west corner as a maker and that the tree was still standing in the 1950s. Neighbors were Nicholas
Youngblood, Peter Lane, George Hauck and Jacob Miller. Same land as in Warrant #250) On July 3, 1767, John
Wenger of Bethel Twp., Lancaster Co. sold to son John 62 acres, 76 p. for $373. 6s. S P. (bounded by John
Wenger and Stephen Wenger). On July 3, 1767, John Wenger Sr. sold to Stephen Wenger 2 1\2 acres, Stephen
Wenger willed above to his son John and wife. On June 16, 1800, John Wenger of Dauphin Co. Bethel Twp., sold
179 acres, 52 perch to Jacob Wenger for $800 in gold and silver. On June 6, 1816, John Wenger and Anna his
wife sold 2 1\2 acres to Jacob Wenger and Anna his wife for 125¹ being tract Stephen bought of John Sr. on
July 3, 1767 and which he willed to son John. Through the above transactions Jacob Wenger, 1778.12.1
1858.3.31, G140, Rev. became the owner of the homestead tract and his descendants maintained possesion for
many years. It was perhaps owned by John L. Wenger, 1841.4.8 1917.1.15, G14053 in 1900. The farm was
purchased by Rollin Reinheimer and his wife. It is reported that it was then purchased by the Yoder family.
The original deed and instruments of transfer were in the possession of Mrs. Lizzie S. Wenger, 1871.6.25,
G140535 Boud of Jonestown in 1970. The current location of this deed is unknown. The homestead is currently
(2005) owned by the Landis family. Site of farm on elevation overlooking the fertile valley of Big Swatara
Creek. Wenger Cem. is situated on the northwest corner of the property. The Wenger meeting house is located
in a corner of the cem.. Hans's brothers Christian G3 and Michael G2 arrived with their widowed mother
Hannah in PA on Sept. 9, 1749 and settled in Rapho Twp., Lancaster Co., PA. The numbering of his offspring
was corrected from earlier records and is reflected here and on his memorial stone placed in the Wenger Cem.
in 1994. His will was dated Sept. 15, 1771 and probated June 1, 1772 so his date of death is sometime
between these two dates. His son John was executor. Hans is no doubt buried in the Wenger Cem., but no stone
exists. It is thought that he and Anna are buried under a wall of the Wenger meeting house. There is
currently a sagging under a window area. It is thought that the sagging is due to the earth having been
excavated for the graves. It is reported that while the church was being constructed the grave was exposed,
but they continued with the construction. Over 114,600 of his descendants are known.
The following information on the
Wenger family came to me from a Wenger descendant.
From: M Martin
Sent: Wednesday, June 10, 2015 9:52 PM
I am enjoying your genealogy site. Thanks for posting all the information.
I can verify that Martin J. WENGER (Birth: August 10, 1769 in Franklin, Pennsylvania) did not die as a child
and did marry Barbara BECHTEL because he is my great, great, great, great grandfather. :)
From: Roxanne Williamson [mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org]Hi,
Sent: Monday, August 6, 2012 1:04 PM
Subject: Wingard family history
I am working on my Wingard relations and was wondering if you had the following folks or could point me in the direction of another branch of the family:
John Wingard b 1780 d 1834 born in PA
m either Elizabeth Hertzell or Kress
child: Andrew Jackson Wingard born 1831 Pa
his son John Bell Wingard (my gr grandfather) b Oct 4, 1862 Monticello Indiana
d Dec 18,1938 Morgan County Missouri
Since this Wingard family also moved to Indiana from Pa I was hoping there was a connection. Do you know if the family was River Brethren/Mennonites? Any poke int he right direction would be much appreciated.
From: Schroeder, Donna
Sent: Tuesday, August 7, 2012 6:35 PM
Subject: Eva Clark's mother
Eva Clark's mother's first name was Mahala which was at the time a common name among Native Americans of the southeastern United States. It is possible that she was adopted so that is the case, finding out more would be difficult. Adoptions before 1850 were typically informal.
From: Schroeder, Donna
Sent: Friday, July 20, 2012 7:24 PM
Subject: a little information
I have been in contact with a cousin in the Red Lake Falls, MN area. I now have proper identifications for Evangeline's children in the picture I sent. The oldest daughter, Josephine "Minnie" Herold Hanson, was not in the picture. The identities of the other daughters in descending order of age were Eva, Victoria, and Mae. I misidentified the youngest child's gender. The child is Henry. The other men were correctly identified. I do now have a printer paper copy of an old picture you might be interested in - five of Evangeline's brothers. They were identified. The sixth would be the one who died in the 1880's. The names were listed as Eli, Florentine, Dugal (Dugan?), Harrison and Owen. Dougal and Harrison did not have beards or abundant facial hair. There seemed to be a fondness for using middle names or nick names in many cases. I plan to visit my cousin in August and I will find out if she has the original picture. I did also find out that four of Evangeline and John's adult children were buried in the plot with their parents, Mae, Jake, Henry and Clemence. Henry was widowed. The other three never married. I realize that these collateral ancestors will not be as important to you as perhaps getting a picture of a direct ancestor. My scanner sputters when I try to scan a larger picture or I would send the picture now.
From: Schroeder, Donna
Sent: Sunday, July 01, 2012 12:31 PM
I do have a little more information and some additional pictures from my grandmother's photo album but I do not want to send it if you think you have enough from that branch. Also, if the powerpoint did not come through, I could try something else. A friend of a friend did some research for me and I now have more data about Evangeline's older children who settled in MN. Evangeline's oldest daughter was Josephine Minnie and the Cecile mentioned in Evangeline's letter should have been Cecil instead. I must have added the e at the end of the name from force of habit. Also there is a Jennifer Hanson who was looking for information about Evangeline. She has never been in touch with me. I posted a response to her query hoping for a connection. Perhaps she has contacted you? We visited the Minnesota relatives two or three times during my childhood, a long time ago now. Please let me know if you would like any more information.
From: Schroeder, Donna
Sent: Tuesday, June 19, 2012 10:27 AM
Subject: a piece of a letter
I have a piece of a letter - at least the first page must be missing. Evangeline wrote this to the family of her brother Eli. Victoria was staying with the Eli Wingerd family in Iowa. I cannot make out a postmark on the envelope.
"The farmers had no wheat to sell for the hoppers took it and others that had a little grain got no price so you see the people is near starving, so them that got a smart crops of everything ought to thank god for it instead of complaining. Dear sweet girl I am lonesome to see you too. (I could tell you a few things.) I hope your baby will get well again, how is the rest of the children? Did John's crop turn out good? You see I would like to see Royal's children and Clem is so homesick that it worries me for him, for it is hard to make him understand and how conditions are that one gets tired of living. (next page) Henry is at Hanson's today. Minnie was here last Sunday and she looked well, and her two younges boys, and young george hanson was here this morning to get Cecile for she was here for two days sewing some things for her. It has been an awful cold winter. It stormed all the time, and was a lot of snow fell. Did it snow up there? Dear Victoria, try and bear up and put your trust in Christ. You are the only one of the family that I can remind to look to our creator for help, and may god Bless and keep you in his grace. My love to all. Evangeline Herold."
This is all I have in Evangeline's hand. I have assumed Evangeline was still living in Northern Minnesota at the time because the people mentioned as visiting: Minnie, George Hanson, and Cecile farmed in the area around Crookston and Red Lake Falls, MN. Clem was developmentally disabled. It is possible that Evangeline was staying with her daughter Evie who was also living in that area and John and Evangeline had already moved to North Dakota but I do not think they moved there until Victoria was around sixteen or seventeen. A visible postmark would have helped.
About Evangeline's children - the record Victoria left about 1934
Joseph, Willemena Herold born the 12 of March 1877.
(The only person I can associate with this name is Minnie Herold Hanson. I do not know why the name is preceded by Joseph.)
Catherine, Stella, Herold born March 12, 1878 and died 18 of August. 5 months, 2 weeks, six days.
Jacob Florentine Herold born 12 of May 1879 If lived would be 55 years
(Jake was killed when the car he was driving was hit by a train).
Benjamen Clemence Herold born Oct. the 9 in 1880 if lived would be 54 (referred to as clem)
Joseph Howard Herold born 24 of March 1883 if lived would be 51
Eva Junette Herold born March 4 1885 is 49 years old
Ellen Victoria Herold March 15 1887 is 46 years old
Royal Paul Herold born September 24, 1889 and died July 4 in 1890 age 9 months and ten days if lived would be 45 years old
Evangeline May Herold born April, 20 1891 if lived would be 43 years (She died in the 1918 flu epidemic)
Royal John Herold born April 22, 1893 Royal aged 41 years old.
Henry Wingerd Herold born Nov. 29 1897 if lived would be 37 years old (he died because he was kicked by a horse)
Everything in this list is as my grandmother had written it but things in ( ) are my additions. In some cases, in the letter and the list, I have added puncturation and sometimes not.
What I hope to do which will take some time to send pictures with explanations. I have three (electronic) pictures of Evangeline. This will take time.
From: Schroeder, Donna
Sent: Monday, June 18, 2012 3:21 PM
Subject: Family History
Evangeline Wingerd Herold was my great grandmother. She died five years before I was born so I had no chance to get to know her. However, because I was able to scan some family pictures into my computer from the family album and also through a cousin who inherited some family papers I have a small amount of information. Your site was particularly interesting because I grew up hearing that we had some Native American ancestry. Reading that Eva Clark was Cherokee was the answer to a question that has bothered me for years. None of the older relatives seemed to know much except that the Native American connection came through Evangeline. I have a scan of the obituary of Own Butler Wingerd from my grandmother's things and it is through that obituary that I connected with your site. Evangeline, her husband John and probably four of their children are buried in the Lakota, ND cemetery. The graves are unmarked except for a military marker on Henry Herold's grave. I did also hear a different story of the reason that the name was changed. According to my dad (who had visited "uncle Owen" in Nebraska or who had heard stories from his mother) claimed that the family was distressed that Wingard was a name associated with growing grapes for making wine and they were strictly against the use of alcohol and that was the reason for the name change. This might have been among the stories you heard but did not share. My dad described Owen as a lay Methodist Preacher and the obituary said he belonged to the Holiness tradition.
You may not be interested in your collateral ancestors but if you are, I can provide a little bit more information about that family although much less than I have about other branches of my family. I know even less about John Herold than I do about Evangeline Wingerd Herold. I have some formal family history about all of my grandparents except for Victoria Herold Schroeder, Evangeline's daughter.
Perhaps none of this information is new.
Donna (Janet) Schroeder, OSB, Ph.D.